From Socialist Voice, August 2005

New pages in European history

Communists and others have long argued that the real motivation for the Second World War was to smash the Soviet Union. British, French and US imperialism hoped that fascism would defeat socialism, and in the process weaken itself, which would then allow the western allies to finish it off.
    Recently new evidence has emerged that shows this to have been the case. When the Red Army defeated the German fascist forces at the Battle of Stalingrad, Winston Churchill, head of the British government, travelled in 1943 to Turkey to have secret talks with Hitler, to seek “peace” and to see what could be done in the light of the war turning in the Soviets’ favour.
    Recent research has shown that the British government—no doubt with the knowledge and agreement of the United States—encouraged remnants of the German army to attack Soviet forces, even before the end of the war, in countries already liberated by the Red Army.
    It has further emerged that more than 35,000 Soviet soldiers were murdered by Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, Ukrainian and Belorussian fascists, with arms and other material assistance they received from the western allies, from May to December 1945, that is, after the war had ended and at a time when they were supposed to be allies of the Soviet Union. These same fascist forces were the remnants of the White Russians and their allies in the civil war against the Bolsheviks that followed the Russian Revolution. They had not abandoned the struggle against Soviet power.
    Many of the same forces and their collaborators remained intact and continued to work against Soviet power long after the war. They never gave up the dream of returning to power, which they finally succeeded in doing in 1989.
    New research is slowly debunking much of the history constructed about the origins and the outcome of the Second World War by the western allies. All those who continue to drag up the “Hitler-Stalin Pact” must take into account these new facts that continue to emerge. Then they might just begin to see how and why the Second World War started, the reasons for it, and why such temporary pacts might just have some basis in the needs and the reality of the time.

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