August 2015        

Joint Plan of Action between the E3/EU+3 and the Islamic Republic of Iran

Statement by the Central Committee of the Tudeh Party of Iran
15 July 2015

This agreement is a humiliating failure of the anti-national and anti-people policies of the theocratic regime of Iran, led by Ali Khamenei, in the eyes of the people, which will certainly please public opinion and is one the reasons for the joy and celebration of the people of Iran amid the news of the nuclear agreement on Tuesday 14 July.
     The people of Iran know very well that this agreement is a detrimental political retreat of the ruling regime and is similar to “drinking poison” in accepting the cease fire at the end of the devastating war with Iraq in the first decade after the ’79 revolution; they are rightfully happy and hope to see further defeats of the regime and significant opportunities for moving towards their trampled rights.
     With the announcement of the final agreement, or the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), between Islamic Republic of Iran and the group of 5+1 (or E3/EU+3) on the nuclear issue on Tuesday 14 July an important chapter of negotiations was closed that began three years ago in secret in Oman between high-ranking officials and representatives of the US government and the main advisers of Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Iranian regime, and continued since then.
     As reflected in numerous analyses by the Tudeh Party of Iran, considering the domestic situation of Iran during the negotiations and also the demand of both parties, reaching this agreement was predictable. What was remarkable were the calculated and purposeful efforts of both sides to develop an unprecedented media and public relations coverage of these negotiations, particularly in the last three weeks, which were intended to create a favourable ambiance internationally and for public opinion to deem the outcome of the negotiations a “win-win” agreement for both sides.
     The Tudeh Party of Iran believes that the outcome that was claimed by Hassan Rouhani as “win-win” is in fact far more complicated and beyond the agreement on the issues related to the nuclear technology of Iran. The statements and expectations of some of the major signatories of this final agreement are very loud and clear in this regard. In contrast to the rhetoric of Ali Khamenei and his “drinking of poison” under the guise of “heroic flexibility,” and his assertions of the meaningless “red lines” and the pretension of Iran’s diplomatic negotiators that they are resisting the dictated terms of the other side and particularly by the EU and Obama government, it must be said that Iran’s negotiating team reached certain agreements with the other parties, and particularly the Obama government, from a very weak position.
     Under the complicated and precarious circumstances that are the result of more than eight years of the anti-national and adventurist policies of the installed government of Ahmadinejad under the direct command of the Supreme Leader, the representatives of Iran’s theocratic regime in many areas had very limited manoeuvre power to defend the natural rights of the Iranian people and in these negotiations were forced to consent to the terms and conditions of the US and its allies, who have taken Iran’s economy hostage for years. The US is still insisting on its position. On Tuesday, Barack Obama told his opposition in the country that the US negotiators have tied Iran’s hand in its entire nuclear industry and in future, in case of any violations, and based on the verification procedures, can snap back the heavy sanctions and cripple the national economy of Iran.
     The outcome of these negotiations should in fact be deemed the complete failure of the irrational, anti-people and adventurist policies of the imprudent leaders of Iran’s regime and those high-ranking officers of the Islamic Guard Corps and big rentiers and their affiliated media that up until now were not willing to admit that what the people of Iran are challenging with daily are the disastrous economic, social and political consequences of those same policies. The perpetrators and enforcers of such policies must be held accountable in front of the people, who have suffered for years as a result of the continuation of these policies.
     As was predictable, the suspension (and not removal) of sanctions unfortunately will be implemented upon Iran’s meeting certain conditions and based on a long-term time-frame according to the plans of the Obama administration, and not as vague perceptions of Hassan Rouhani, who claims that all the sanctions will be removed at once and in the framework of red lines set by his Supreme Leader.
     The published documents indicate that over and above the clauses in the Additional Protocol of the IAEA a series of broader and longer-lasting constraints and inspections (eight and fifteen years), including unannounced visits, has been included in the JCPOA of 14 July. In case of the smallest violation by Iran in observing these constraints the suspended US and UN sanctions will be snapped back immediately. Finding true violations or false accusations of violations, and exploiting the verification procedure in the nuclear industry of Iran, will be a significant leverage for the US and its allies, who could use it for year to interfere and intervene in Iran’s political and economic developments.
     Under tremendous social pressures because of back-breaking economic sanctions imposed on the economic life and the livelihood of the people, the theocratic regime of Iran has been forced to alter or shut down, at a massive cost, segments of the nuclear industry that it has spent billions of dollars in developing. This agreement is a humiliating failure of the anti-national and anti-people policies of the theocratic regime of Iran, led by Ali Khamenei, in the eyes of the people, which will certainly please public opinion and is one of the reasons for the joy and celebration of the people of Iran amid the news of the nuclear agreement on Tuesday 14 July.The people of Iran know very well that this agreement is a detrimental political retreat of the ruling regime and is similar to “drinking poison” in accepting the cease-fire at the end of the devastating war with Iraq in the first decade after the ’79 revolution; they are rightly happy and hope to see further defeats of the regime and the creation of significant opportunities for moving towards their trampled rights.
     Such a defeat of adventurist policies would usually lead to the fall of a regime or government, but under the theocratic dictatorship of Iran, which, relying on brute force, inflicts its absolute rule upon the nation such an ending in unimaginable. Also, the nuclear crisis, which has been one of the effective tools in the regime’s foreign policy for diverting public attention from the domestic problems and crisis—and which has been utilised in a very dangerous and destructive manner in its adventurist and deceitful policies and in pretending to be “anti-imperial”—is now taken away from Ali Khamenei in a disgraceful manner.
     The moving away of the spectre of threat and military invasion and war from Iran and lessening the worries of the people—who rightly hate any kind of bloodshed and war and believe that war and militarism and military threats are devilish manipulations of a regime that resorts to any means to continue its vicious rule—is one of the positive consequences of the achieved agreement.
     According to international laws, the peaceful and non-militarised use of nuclear technology and energy is the right of our nation; but, as many economy and industry experts of our nation have stated, developing the nuclear industry, particularly in power generation in nuclear power plants, is not a vital and strategic necessity in the current socio-economic situation of our country.
     An unjustified focus on developing the nuclear industry in the past two decades under the theocratic regime generally speaking led to a waste of huge financial resources that could and should have been used in urgent and vital areas of people’s lives and in resolving such issues as housing, health, water, production, social services and welfare, employment, etc. Politically, nuclear energy, which turned into a nuclear crisis thanks to the irrational and adventurist policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran and its theocratic regime, has been dangling over the people’s heads like the sword of Damocles, and it seems that it will remain as such for a foreseeable future.
     It is estimated that, in addition to the social and political cost of the nuclear policies of the Iranian regime, billions of dollars have been spent in building facilities of which now, based on the recent agreement, a large portion will be shut down and sealed. Now this logical question is raised in people’s minds: On what basis, and with whose decision and authority, was such massive wealth wasted, which could have helped Iran to evolve into a prosperous and advanced country if it was utilised in the proper economic and social reconstruction of the country and for enhancing the human resources of the nation? Those decision-makers must be held accountable some day before the people for their anti-people policies.
     Rouhani and his government’s immediate meeting with the Supreme Leader on the day the nuclear agreement was announced, and the “appreciation” message of Ali Khamenei for them and, in return, admiration and glorification of the Supreme Leader by Rouhani for the Leader’s “support and guidance” for the negotiations, should be a telling incident for those who invite the people to “nuclear celebrations.”
     The “win-win” situation that Rouhani and his administration claim in fact translates to the “continuation of the regime” based on interactions and making deals with the US and European powers in the Middle East region, which, in the context of the national interest and particularly the transition from dictatorship, could not be deemed a “win” for the future of Iran.
     The Tudeh Party of Iran considers the populist “win-win” claim of Rouhani and its government as fraudulent and rejects it, and evaluates and analyses the Vienna agreement from a different point of view. We believe that by pushing away the “nuclear issue and sanctions” and the development of hope in the minds of people for improvement of the situation, now such issues as the revitalisation of the economy, improvement in the people’s disastrous livelihood, the rich getting richer and the increase in poverty in the country, and of course the suppression of any kind of protest by working people, once again will become the main issues of society. The theocratic regime of Iran has to act in response to these demands of the people and the democratic and national social forces that fight for democracy and social justice.
     The Tudeh Party of Iran will closely and carefully follow the implementation process of Tuesday’s agreement and will express its views about its negative and positive consequences. The people of Iran will eventually decide on the political destiny of forces that put our nation in such dire conditions and ruined valuable historical opportunities by implementing their atrocious policies. The decision to politically denounce a regime that dragged Iran to such a situation is an important stage of the people’s natural struggle for a better life and for peace, democracy, freedom, and social justice.
     The space and time for political manoeuvres and making ambiguous promises, and linking the legitimate demands of the working people to the nuclear agreement, is now coming to an end, and Hassan Rouhani and his government must now demonstrate how and when they are going to deliver on his election promises without selling off the national wealth of the nation. As in the past, the Tudeh Party of Iran will make every effort to mobilise the forces of change and to challenge the theocratic regime of Iran and to shed light on the real nature of the policies and the empty and unmaterialised promises of Rouhani about improving the socio-economic situation, and will continue its struggle for a fundamental change in Iran.

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